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VBA – Text Files

VBA - Text Files Shout4Education
You can also read Excel File and write the contents of the cell into a Text File using VBA. VBA allows the users to work with text files using two methods −
  • File System Object
  • using Write Command

File System Object (FSO)

As the name suggests, FSOs help the developers to work with drives, folders, and files. In this section, we will discuss how to use a FSO.
Sr.No. Object Type & Description
1
Drive
Drive is an Object. Contains methods and properties that allow you to gather information about a drive attached to the system.
2
Drives
Drives is a Collection. It provides a list of the drives attached to the system, either physically or logically.
3
File
File is an Object. It contains methods and properties that allow developers to create, delete, or move a file.
4
Files
Files is a Collection. It provides a list of all the files contained within a folder.
5
Folder
Folder is an Object. It provides methods and properties that allow the developers to create, delete, or move folders.
6
Folders
Folders is a Collection. It provides a list of all the folders within a folder.
7
TextStream
TextStream is an Object. It enables the developers to read and write text files.

Drive

Drive is an object, which provides access to the properties of a particular disk drive or network share. Following properties are supported by Drive object −
  • AvailableSpace
  • DriveLetter
  • DriveType
  • FileSystem
  • FreeSpace
  • IsReady
  • Path
  • RootFolder
  • SerialNumber
  • ShareName
  • TotalSize
  • VolumeName

Example

Step 1 − Before proceeding to scripting using FSO, we should enable Microsoft Scripting Runtime. To do the same, navigate to Tools → References as shown in the following screenshot.
Step 1 − Before proceeding to scripting using FSO, we should enable Microsoft Scripting Runtime. To do the same, navigate to Tools → References as shown in the following screenshot shout4education

 

Step 2 − Add “Microsoft Scripting RunTime” and Click OK.
Microsoft Scripting RunTime Shout4Education
Step 3 − Add Data that you would like to write in a Text File and add a Command Button.
Add Data that you would like to write in a Text File and add a Command Button Shout4Education
Step 4 − Now it is time to Script.
Private Sub fn_write_to_text_Click()
   Dim FilePath As String
   Dim CellData As String
   Dim LastCol As Long
   Dim LastRow As Long
Dim fso As FileSystemObject
   Set fso = New FileSystemObject
   Dim stream As TextStream
LastCol = ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Columns.Count
   LastRow = ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Rows.Count
' Create a TextStream.
   Set stream = fso.OpenTextFile("D:TrySupport.log", ForWriting, True)
CellData = ""
For i = 1 To LastRow
For j = 1 To LastCol
CellData = Trim(ActiveCell(i, j).Value)
stream.WriteLine "The Value at location (" & i & "," & j & ")" & CellData
Next j
Next i
stream.Close
MsgBox ("Job Done")
End Sub

Output

When executing the script, ensure that you place the cursor in the first cell of the worksheet. The Support.log file is created as shown in the following screenshot under “D:Try”.
file is created as shown in the following screenshot Shout4Education
The Contents of the file are shown in the following screenshot.
The Contents of the file are shown in the following screenshot Shout4Education

Write Command

Unlike FSO, we need NOT add any references, however, we will NOT be able to work with drives, files and folders. We will be able to just add the stream to the text file.

Example

Private Sub fn_write_to_text_Click()
   Dim FilePath As String
   Dim CellData As String
   Dim LastCol As Long
   Dim LastRow As Long
LastCol = ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Columns.Count
   LastRow = ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Rows.Count
FilePath = "D:Trywrite.txt"
   Open FilePath For Output As #2
CellData = ""
   For i = 1 To LastRow
      For j = 1 To LastCol
         CellData = "The Value at location (" & i & "," & j & ")" & Trim(ActiveCell(i, j).Value)
         Write #2, CellData
      Next j
   Next i
Close #2
   MsgBox ("Job Done")
End Sub

Output

Upon executing the script, the “write.txt” file is created in the location “D:Try” as shown in the following screenshot.
Output file after executing the script Shout4Education
The contents of the file are shown in the following screenshot.
The contents of the file are shown in the following screenshot Shout4Education

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