DP-900: Microsoft Azure Data Fundamentals Certification Exam Questions and Answers

Question #21

HOTSPOT –
For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:

Correct Answer: 
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/big-data-cluster/connect-to-big-data-cluster?view=sql-server-ver15 https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/synapse-analytics/sql-data-warehouse/sql-data-warehouse-query-ssms https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/mariadb/connect-workbench

Question #22

HOTSPOT –
For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:

Correct Answer: 
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/sql-database-paas-overview

Question #23

HOTSPOT –
You have the following SQL query.

What are dbo.Products and ProductName? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:

Correct Answer: 

Question #24

HOTSPOT –
For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:

Correct Answer: 
Reference:
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-gb/blog/hot-patching-sql-server-engine-in-azure-sql-database/ https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/services/sql-database/#product-overview

Question #25

Which statement is an example of Data Definition Language (DDL)?

  • A. SELECT
  • B. JOIN
  • C. MERGE
  • D. CREATE

Correct Answer: D
Reference:
https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/difference-between-ddl-and-dml-in-dbms/

Question #26

HOTSPOT –
To complete the sentence, select the appropriate option in the answer area.
Hot Area:

Correct Answer: 
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/transparent-data-encryption-tde-overview?tabs=azure-portal

Question #27

You need to ensure that users use multi-factor authentication (MFA) when connecting to an Azure SQL database.
Which type of authentication should you use?

  • A. service principal authentication
  • B. Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) authentication
  • C. SQL authentication
  • D. certificate authentication

Correct Answer: B
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/authentication-mfa-ssms-overview

Question #28

What is a benefit of hosting a database on Azure SQL managed instance as compared to an Azure SQL database?

  • A. built-in high availability
  • B. native support for cross-database queries and transactions
  • C. system-initiated automatic backups
  • D. support for encryption at rest

Correct Answer: B
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/features-comparison

Question #29

HOTSPOT –
To complete the sentence, select the appropriate option in the answer area.
Hot Area:

Correct Answer: 
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security/fundamentals/infrastructure-sql

Question #30

You need to design and model a database by using a graphical tool that supports project-oriented offline database development.
What should you use?

  • A. Microsoft SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT)
  • B. Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
  • C. Azure Databricks
  • D. Azure Data Studio

Correct Answer: A
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/ssdt/project-oriented-offline-database-development?view=sql-server-ver15

Question #31

DRAG DROP –
Match the security components to the appropriate scenarios.
To answer, drag the appropriate component from the column on the left to its scenario on the right. Each component may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
NOTE: Each correct match is worth one point.
Select and Place:

Correct Answer: 
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/database-engine/configure-windows/configure-a-windows-firewall-for-database-engine-access?view=sql-server-ver15 https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/authentication-aad-overview https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/always-encrypted-certificate-store-configure

Question #32

You have a transactional application that stores data in an Azure SQL managed instance.
When should you implement a read-only database replica?

  • A. You need to generate reports without affecting the transactional workload.
  • B. You need to audit the transactional application.
  • C. You need to implement high availability in the event of a regional outage.
  • D. You need to improve the recovery point objective (RPO).

Correct Answer: C
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/database-engine/availability-groups/windows/active-secondaries-readable-secondary-replicas-always-on-availability-groups? view=sql-server-ver15

Question #33

At which two levels can you set the throughput for an Azure Cosmos DB account? Each correct answer presents a complete solution. (Choose two.)
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

  • A. database
  • B. item
  • C. container
  • D. partition

Correct Answer: AC
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/cosmos-db/set-throughput

Question #34

HOTSPOT –
For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:

Correct Answer: 
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/cosmos-db/high-availability

Question #35

DRAG DROP –
Match the types of data stores to the appropriate scenarios.
To answer, drag the appropriate data store type from the column on the left to its scenario on the right. Each data store type may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
NOTE: Each correct match is worth one point.
Select and Place:

Correct Answer: 
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/architecture/guide/technology-choices/data-store-overview

Question #36

You have an Azure Cosmos DB account that uses the Core (SQL) API.
Which two settings can you configure at the container level? Each correct answer presents a complete solution. (Choose two.)
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

  • A. the throughput
  • B. the read region
  • C. the partition key
  • D. the API

Correct Answer: AC
Reference:
https://www.sqlshack.com/start-your-journey-with-azure-cosmos-db/

Question #37

Your company is designing a data store that will contain student data. The data has the following format.

Which type of data store should you use?

  • A. graph
  • B. key/value
  • C. object
  • D. columnar

Correct Answer: D

Question #38

Which storage solution supports role-based access control (RBAC) at the file and folder level?

  • A. Azure Disk Storage
  • B. Azure Data Lake Storage
  • C. Azure Blob storage
  • D. Azure Queue storage

Correct Answer: B
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/storage/blobs/data-lake-storage-access-control

Question #39

You need to store data in Azure Blob storage for seven years to meet your company’s compliance requirements. The retrieval time of the data is unimportant. The solution must minimize storage costs.
Which storage tier should you use?

  • A. Archive
  • B. Hot
  • C. Cool

Correct Answer: A
Reference:
https://cloud.netapp.com/blog/azure-blob-storage-pricing-the-complete-guide-azure-cvo-blg#H1_4

Question #40

Which type of non-relational data store supports a flexible schema, stores data as JSON files, and stores the all the data for an entity in the same document?

  • A. document
  • B. columnar
  • C. graph
  • D. time series

Correct Answer: A

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